Heel Pain is one of the most common conditions treated by Podiatrists.
Feet with high arches, flat arches, or that roll in too much (pronate) are often the main causes of heel pain. This can place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissue attached to it. Stress on the heel bone can also be caused from an injury, regular sporting activity (particularly running or jumping on a hard surface), wearing shoes with inadequate support or being overweight. Other complications are:
Another factor associated with heel pain is the heel spur. A spur is a bony growth under the heel bone. There are no visible features on the heel, but a deep painful spot can be found in or around the middle sole of the heel. Heel spurs result from strain on muscles of the foot. Approximately 10 % of the population may have heel spurs without any symptoms.
Both heel pain and heel spurs are frequently associated with inflammation of the long band of tissue that connects the heel and the ball of the foot. The inflammation of this arch is called Plantar Fasciitis. The inflammation may be aggravated by shoes that lack appropriate support, especially in the arch area, and by chronic irritation that sometimes accompanies a particular lifestyle.
Other causes of heel pain can include:
Treatment can vary greatly depending on individual biomechanics and activities, so it is best to consult our podiatrists. You may be referred for an x ray to look for heel spurs or fractures. Early treatment is key to recovery and may involve exercise and shoe recommendations, anti-inflammatory medication, and taping or orthotics. Your recovery will depend on the cause of your heel pain and individual health, and how well treatment recommendations are followed.